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What is periodontitis and what are the early warning signs? Periodontal disease, called periodontitis, is an advanced gum disease that affects the gums, bones and ligaments and can lead to tooth loss as well as other health problems if left untreated. Knowing the early signs and how the disease progresses is important, so you can get the help you need if you suspect problems.

The earliest stage of gum disease is called gingivitis. Gingivitis happens when plaque is left to sit on the teeth and gumline. If you notice persistent bad breath, a bad taste in your mouth or visible symptoms like swollen, red and bleeding gums, you may be in the early stages of gum disease. Gum disease is easily treated with proper brushing and flossing and a professional dental cleaning if it’s caught at this stage.

When gingivitis goes unnoticed or untreated it can advance to periodontitis. Advanced gum disease is much more serious than gingivitis because the bacteria and toxins that build up begin to affect not only your gum tissue, they also affect the bones and ligaments that support your teeth. As this infection leads to disease in your bones and ligaments, you may notice your gums receding and your teeth may become loose. At this advanced stage, surgery may be necessary, or the teeth may need to be removed.

If you have concerns that you may be experiencing gum disease, please feel free to call Auburn Oaks Family Dentistry at 916-722-4900 in Citrus Heights, California. Our dentist, Dr. Narinder Mahal can help you with a treatment plan to help you improve your dental health.